Sunnyvale cosmetic dentist Dr. Gupta provides information about dental veneers, what they are used for, the procedure of how they are fitted and the different types of veneers available including hand crafted veneers, and the minimal preparation Lumineers veneers.
Dental veneers are a very popular treatment in cosmetic dentistry today and are used for either aesthetic purposes or when front teeth are damaged, chipped or broken. But this damage is limited in nature that it will not require a complete coverage crown, and there is no missing neighboring tooth that will require a dental bridge. A Veneer custom fabricated shell of ceramic material that has the appearance and translucency of natural teeth.
Dental veneers are bonded over the front surface of a tooth to cover up worn down tooth enamel, slightly crooked teeth (instant orthodontics), gaps between teeth and chips or cracked teeth. Veneers can be fabricated to any shape or color enabling you to sit down with your dentist and design your smile just the way you want.
Dental veneers are the classic treatment used to create the much-publicized Hollywood smile or celebrity smile makeover. They can give you a perfectly aligned symmetrical white smile and with the translucent quality of ceramic materials available today, veneers provide a totally natural look.
When are Dental Veneers Used?
Worn down and damaged teeth
With age and over time, the thin, tough outer surface that coats your teeth called enamel can wear and look, dulled, stained and discolored. This process can occur naturally with age or as a result of certain medications however it is more often due to habits such as teeth grinding, poor oral hygiene and the consumption of carbonated and sugary soft drinks such as coke. Tea, coffee and smoking can all contribute to the staining of your teeth.
Natural wear and TearOver time as you grow older your teeth will naturally wear down just like wear and tear on a car tire or shoes. As your teeth are used in everyday activities such as biting, eating and chewing, they also wear away and can become cracked and chipped.
Genetic predispositionMany people have genetically crooked teeth or have large gaps between their teeth (diastemas). A large gap between the two front teeth is a common problem that is solved with veneers.
Crooked teethTeeth can naturally be crooked or can become crooked over time with age or through losing neighboring teeth and gum disease. Crooked teeth can be treated using orthodontic braces or clear aligners such as Invisalign, but treatment times can be up to two years before any results are seen. Veneers are often called “instant orthodontics” as they cover up the imperfections of slightly crooked teeth. Veneers are not recommended for teeth that are very crooked.
Accidental damageA common problem is that patients can chip or damage their teeth and trauma such as sports or just simply falling and banging your front tooth can cause a small part of the tooth to become chipped or broken. Composite resin can be used to build the tooth back up and this technique is sometimes referred to as bonding or composite veneers. This is a much quicker fix than porcelain veneers but it does not last as long and is much more prone to staining.
Veneers Can Protect Your TeethAs well as making your teeth “look good” veneers can also serve a functional purpose as they can provide a protective cover for damaged teeth in a similar manner to the way dental crowns can protect damaged teeth. The advantage of veneers over crowns is that because they are thin very little tooth structure needs to be removed or drilled away. Veneers can often help with tooth sensitivity where the enamel has worn away.
Porcelain Veneers Vs Composite Resin Bonding / Composite VeneersComposite veneers are made from a special bonding material and require the artistic skill of the dentist to shape and mould the composite resin to the desired shape of your tooth. Once this has been done a special light is used to “cure” or “set” the resin. Composite bonding is a much quicker and less expensive alternative to porcelain veneers but they do not last as long and are more susceptible to staining with food and drinks and so may need replacing every couple of years. Composite is an ideal solution for teeth with small chips and cracks in them or to fill a tiny gap but for more severe cases with large gaps or for a smile makeover porcelain veneers provide the ideal solution.
What’s the Procedure for Getting Dental Veneers?
The ConsultationBefore having any treatment it is important that your dentist knows what you want from the treatment, to discuss if he or she can meet your expectations and whether they are realistic. At this stage you could discuss tooth shape and color as well as any anxieties and concerns you may have about the treatment. Some dentists offer a digital smile preview where you can preview how your smile might look before you go ahead with any treatment.
The ExaminationThe dentist will thoroughly examine your teeth to first of all ensure that your teeth are clean, healthy and that your gums are free from any signs of periodontal disease. It is very important that your teeth and gums are healthy before undergoing any major dental treatment. Once your dentist has had a good look at your teeth he or she can begin to design your new smile ready for the preparation of your existing teeth to accommodate the veneers.
The TreatmentA local anesthetic will first be administered and some patients may wish to be sedated during the procedure if they are anxious. Sunnyvale Cosmetic Dentist Dr Gupta offers free nitrous oxide (sedative agent) for all patients. Once you are fully numb, your teeth or tooth will be prepared for the veneer – a small portion of your natural tooth structure is removed using a burr (a small handheld tooth shaping device) equivalent to the thickness of the veneer that will sit on top of it. Once your teeth have been prepared an impression or mould of your teeth are taken using a special alginate or “dental putty”. This impression is then left to set and solidify and the mould of your mouth is sent off to a dental laboratory that will fabricate your new veneers to the dentist’s exact specification. It usually takes 2-3 weeks for your new teeth to be fabricated and during this time your dentist will fit some temporary veneers over your prepared teeth, which will also give you an opportunity to assess what the shape, fit and look of your new teeth will be like. Approximately 2-3 weeks later, on your second visit, your temporary veneers will be removed and your teeth thoroughly cleaned. Your new veneers will first be placed on your teeth and adjusted to give the perfect look before they are “glued” onto the front surface of your teeth. The veneers are attached to your teeth with a special strong dental cement. Despite this, veneers have been known to come loose and fall off. If this happens, be sure to contact our Sunnyvale Dental Care Clinic immediately and keep the veneer in a safe place.
How Will I Feel After my Treatment?After the anesthetic from the procedure has worn off you should feel fine and be able to go back to your everyday activities. You may have a little soreness around your gums and possibly some temporary sensitivity around your teeth which should disappear. Occasionally teeth sensitivity might last for a longer period of time, rarely sensitivity might last indefinitely. Should you experience any discomfort after the procedure you should discuss this with your dentist immediately. Since they are essentially new coverings for your own teeth it may take a while to adjust to your veneers. Immediately after the treatment it is best to avoid very hot and very cold drinks.
What are Lumineers Veneers?Lumineers veneers are just like standard laboratory made veneers except they are much thinner (0.2 mm) and made from patented Cerinate porcelain. They boast to be as thin as a contact lens and because of this, very little if any tooth reduction is needed compared to standard veneers. Lumineers thus have the advantage of preserving more of your own natural tooth structure. Your Lumineers dentist will usually be certified to place them and will have undertaken additional training to be able to offer this type of veneer. Since little or no tooth structure is removed, the procedure can often be carried out without the need for anesthetic and is also reversible, unlike traditional veneering techniques. Like in any other dental procedure, proper case selection is vital. Lumineers procedure is limited as to how much it can alter the shape, size and color of your existing teeth. In many cases traditional veneers is the way to go.
What Are the Advantages of Dental Veneers?
Veneers offer the following advantages:
- They provide a natural tooth appearance.
- Gum tissue tolerates porcelain well.
- Porcelain veneers are stain resistant.
- The color of a porcelain veneer can be selected such that it makes dark teeth appear whiter.
- Veneers offer a conservative approach to changing a tooth’s color and shape-veneers generally don’t require the extensive shaping prior to the procedure that crowns do, yet offer a stronger, more aesthetic alternative to bonding.
What are the Disadvantages of Dental Veneers?
The downside to dental veneers include:
- The process is not reversible.
- Veneers are more costly than composite resin bonding.
- Veneers are usually not repairable should they chip or crack.
- Because enamel has been removed, your tooth may become more sensitive to hot and cold foods and beverages.
- Veneers may not exactly match the color of your other teeth. Also, the veneer’s color cannot be altered once in place. If you plan on whitening your teeth, you need to do so before getting veneers.