A throbbing toothache may be caused by a dental abscess. An abscessed tooth is an infection around a tooth or gums that can be very painful. Swelling is also sometimes present. Severe tooth decay may cause inflammation of the tooth’s pulp chamber, if the nerve of the tooth becomes infected and the infection travels through the roots to the surrounding tissues causing what is known as a periapical abscess. If the abscess is related to the gum, known as a periodontal abscess, deep cleaning or gum surgery is the treatment of choice. Periodontal disease, and tooth trauma are also common causes of an abscessed tooth. This type of dental emergency can occur in both children and adults. Poor dental hygiene and a lack of dental care increases the risk of developing a dental abscess. For this reason, regular cleanings and examinations are very important for the entire family.
Signs of an abscessed tooth may include:
- Throbbing pain
- Bad Breath
- Jaw Pain
- Difficulty Swallowing
Sometimes a pimple like bump filled with pus will form next to the infected tooth. Drainage from this pocket relieves pressure and may cause a patient to have less pain, but the infection must still be treated. A dental abscess may frequently be seen on a dental x-ray.
An abscessed tooth dental emergency can be very serious. It is important to seek immediate attention from a Campbell area dentist. Dr. Antonious sees patients from the city of Campbell for routine preventative dentistry, restorative dentistry, cosmetic dentistry and dental emergencies.
Sometimes an antibiotic is prescribed to treat this type of dental emergency. Unlike other infections, a dental abscess cannot be cured by an antibiotic. The pain and swelling may be reduced after a few days on the antibiotic, but the infection will return if the underlying cause is not treated.
If the decay is extensive, or if there is a large amount of bone loss around the abscessed tooth, an extraction may be recommended. A general dentist near the city of Campbell can remove the tooth for you.
If your abscessed tooth is restorable and the cause of the abscess is tooth infection, a general dentist near Campbell can treat it with root canal therapy. It is the only way to save a tooth with a perapical abscess. If the abscess is related to the tooth it is known as a periapical abscess. Once anesthetic is administered, all of the decay is removed; the inside of the tooth is cleaned, including the nerve and blood vessels. The roots are then sealed and filled. A build up and crown are usually used to restore a tooth that has been treated with a root canal. The crown will provide added strength for the tooth. There are several types of crowns that may be used. Many people prefer tooth colored crowns. The dentist will explain the differences in crown materials and select the most aesthetic and durable material for your individual case. If the abscess is related to the gums, deep cleaning or possible gum surgery may be needed.
Steps that can be taken to prevent a dental abscess may include:
- Brush twice a day for a minimum of 2 minutes.
- Floss at least once a day.
- Every six months have a professional dental cleaning and examination.
- Limit sugary foods and drinks e.g. Sodas etc.
- Limit between meal snacking.